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    Baby care

    With the birth of each child mothers have many questions on the care of the newborn by month. And rightly so! After all, the child's health from the conception up to the age of reason is completely dependent on their parents. Being in your tummy, the child was under heavy guard placenta, which protects it from viruses and infections.

    Baby care

    Hygienic care of the newborn child - this is where should now start your day. After the first few months your baby will be an intense period of adaptation to the environment, and daily hygiene to help the child overcome his painful.

    Baby care

    You, every day, wake up, go to the bathroom, wash my face, brush your teeth. A young child, as well as you need their morning toilet. This is not only personal care, and prevention of various skin diseases. Before you start spending your child morning toilet, wash your hands. Put the baby on the changing table, after covering it with a clean diaper. Unswathe child. Carefully inspect the skin folds.

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Red rash in the groin and inner leg

Infant

In infancy the child is growing and cultivating very rapidly, and in this age, is largely determined by its subsequent mental and physical evolution. GR organism is very susceptible to various external influences and diseases, and a baby needs a special attention nursing. Height and aging body weight increase during the first year of life, but the progress rate gradually decreases. At the age of 1 - 3 months. Development increases each 30 days for 3 centimeters, 4 - 6 months. - 2, 5 cm, 7 - 9 months. - 1, 5 - 2 cm, 20 - 12 m.. - 1 cm on average in the first mountain life Aging body length is increased by 25 centimeter, reaching 75 centimeter Body weightiness, gradually growing, in 4 - 5 m.. Doubles, triples by 1 year and an average of up to 19 kg. Anatomical and physiological characteristics. In infants, the facial skin delicate, easily vulnerable. Horny layer of the epidermis is thin and poorly keratinized, granular layer is weak. The dermis is predominantly cell structure (adult fibrous). Not fully cultivated ducts of sweat glands. Sweating in the first year of life is doubled, but it is often inadequate and can be observed at lower temperatures. Apocrine sweat glands are not functioning. Resorption capacity of the facial skin is increased. Hair growth is retarded, the thickness gradually increases (from an average of 0, 06 mm at birth to 0, 08 mm to 1 year). Subcutaneous fat mass in GR intensively increasing, and in this age is quite active processes hyperplasia (increased) fat cells. The weight ratio of subcutaneous fat to aging body weightiness than grown-ups. The capacity of fat in the subcutaneous fat is increased to 35, 5% at childbirth to 56% (by the end of the first year of life). In bone tissue GR contains less minerals than grown-ups. Periosteum is thicker, functionally active and involved in the recently formed bone tissue. With age in the sequence appear points of ossification, a gradual accumulation of calcium in the bones, they get harder. The capacity of calcium in the skeleton of the first year of life increased approximately 3 1/2 times (from 28 to 100 grams). The 3 - 4 m.. Gradually sealed joints betwixt the bones of the skull. Small fontanelle (Fig. 1, b) close at 4 - 8 sennight after childbirth, a big fontanelle (Fig. 1 a), how a rule, by the end of the first year of life. In the spine get to form physiological bends: cervical (after the appearance of the ability to keep your head), chest (with 6 - 7 months., When the kid starts to sit), lumbar (later 9 - 12 months.). The chest has a barrel-same bod, the edges are horizontal. At 6 - 8-30 days baby teeth get to erupt. One year old infant need have 8 teeth. In approximately babies, teething can be accompanied by anxiety, malaise, insomnia, and a slight increase in aging body temp and the appearance of liquid faeces. The muscular system is developed by GR is yet not enough muscle mass in relation to aging body weightiness is much less than in grown-ups. Later birth, there is an increase in muscle tone, mainly flexors. Muscle tone in the upper extremities is normalized to a 2 - 2 1/2 months., Lower extremities - to 3 - 4 months., And therefore disappears characteristic pose with bent legs. Nasal passages in GR relatively narrow, the mucous membrane of their tender with lots of blood and lymphatic vessels. Cavernous portion of submucosal tissue of the nose is not sufficiently cultivated. Poorly educated lymphoid tissue of the pharynx. The larynx is narrow, and the mucous membrane soft, richly supplied with blood. Trachea funnel, elastic fabric of her is weak, soft cartilaginous rings. The bronchi are formed, their narrow lumen, underdeveloped muscle and elastic fibers. Lightness weight is doubled to 6 months., To 1 year tripled. Elastic tissue of the lungs is poorly educated. By increasing the number of alveolar respiratory surface of the lungs increases in the first year in 4 minutes, minute ventilation - from 635 to 2200 centimeters 3. Compared with newborn infants depth of breathing is increased by the development of acini (lobules) of the lungs, but still retains the abdominal breathing type. Its frequency gradually slows: the number of breaths in 1 minute up to 3 months. Is 25 - 45, 4 - 6 months. - 35 - 25-30, 7 - 12 m.. - 30 - 35. Normally, babies under 1 year per wind accounts for approximately 3 beats of the pulse.

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birth, care, child attention, kid, mama